Income Explorer, 2021 Census

Release date: July 13, 2022

This interactive chart is comprised of two visualizations to show statistics of selected income sources by various characteristics and geographies.

The '2019/2020 Income' visualization shows median values of selected income sources by age and selected geographies for 2019 and 2020. This visualization aims to show the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on various income sources across Canada.

The 'Characteristics' visualization shows average and the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles for selected income sources, various population groups and geography. Enter an income value to view its standing in relation to these statistics.

A corresponding table below the chart shows income statistics for the categories selected.

Data Table


  1. Median income is the amount that divides an income distribution into two halves. It is the income level at which half of the units have income above it and half below it.
  2. Income for 2019 is presented in 2020 constant dollars.
  3. The 90th percentile means 90% of the population with an income falls below this threshold, the 50th percentile is the median where 50% of the population is above and 50% is below. The 25th percentile means 75% of the population is above this threshold and 25% of the population is below.
  4. Income statistics of individuals are calculated only for those with income (positive or negative). For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary and Census Income Reference Guide.
  5. Given that the non-binary population is small, data aggregation is necessary to protect the confidentiality of responses provided. Most 2021 Census information is disseminated using a two-category gender variable. In these cases, people in the category “non-binary persons” are distributed in the other two gender categories and are denoted by the + symbol. Men+ This category includes men and boys as well as some non-binary persons. Women+ This category includes women and girls as well as some non-binary persons.
  6. Values suppressed due to confidentiality rules are displaying as zeros in the data visualization tool and accompanying data table.

Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2021.

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